Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Income Taxes  
Income Taxes

Note 10. Income Taxes

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. A valuation allowance is provided for the amount of deferred tax assets that, based on available evidence, are not expected to be realized.

As a result of the Company’s cumulative losses, management has concluded that a full valuation allowance against the Company’s net deferred tax assets is appropriate. No income tax liabilities existed as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 due to the Company’s continuing operating losses. 

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”) enacted on March 27, 2020 temporarily modifies the federal income tax rules on net operating losses incurred in 2018, 2019, and 2020. Under the CARES Act, a taxpayer that incurs in 2020 or has incurred during 2019 or 2018 an NOL is permitted to carryback such NOL to the prior five years to offset prior year income to claim a tax refund of previously paid federal income taxes.  As a result of the Company’s losses since inception it would not benefit from this provision.   The Act retroactively suspends the 80% income limitation on use of NOL carryovers for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2021, and allows 100% of any such taxable income to be offset by the amount of such NOL carryforward.  This 80% income limitation is reinstated for tax years beginning after December 31, 2020.